Project "Capacity Building for Environmental Decision Making in NIS"
Starting from 2005
This project started in cooperation with NGO Environmental Defense. The work on project was carried out under guidance of Institute of Hygiene and Medical Ecology AMS of Ukraine, CEHRA, with involvement of regional and city experts from Zaporizhia sanitary station, Ecological Administration of City Council, State Environmental Administration in Zaporiz’ka oblast and Druzhkivska sanitary station (Donetsk oblast).
The main focus: health risk assessment from air pollution by stationary sources from 29 industrial enterprises located in the industrial zone of Zaporizhia and from 4 industrial enterprises located in Druzhkivka (Donetsk oblast).
Methods of the investigations: The work was completed by using methods of mathematical and computer modeling, statistics and Human Health Risk Assessment Methodology (EPA). Program complex ISC-AERMOD View v.6.1.0 (Lakes Environmental Software Group) was implied in average 1-, 24-hour, month and annual pollutant concentrations calculations. Application of this modeling algorithm allowed counting in terrain, land-use peculiarities, annual meteorological observations, source parameters and emission characteristics in calculation procedure. Demographic data (for adult and child population) was processed by ArcGIS 9.х tools and decoded according to the places of residence. Zones of the highest density of exposed population were identified. Risk criteria assessment was completed according to approved U.S. EPA procedure of risk assessment.
The results of the listed above projects: the research proved the success of human health risk assessment studies aimed at hazard estimation caused by Ukrainian enterprises. In the result of the work cancer and non-cancer risk levels were estimated. In Zaporizhia individual cancer risk from stationary sources was relatively high - 1,9*10-4÷3,7*10-2; Druzhkivka - 1,9*10-6 ÷2,5*10-4.
13.05.2005 – international seminar Risk Assessment/Management (Kyiv)
- Review of existing Human Risk Assessment results
- Prospect for risk reduction: economic analyses, incentives and legislative changes
- Perspectives for future work
9.02.2006 – working meeting (Kyiv)
06.09.2006 – international seminar (Kyiv)
- Review of existing results on risk assessment
- Planning further work.